Schedule Eye Exam
Blog, Eye Exam, Eye Information, Eyeglasses

What Causes Hyperopia?

Blog, Eye Exam, Eye Information, Eyeglasses

Several people are farsighted, even if just a little. What is farsightedness? It’s another word for hyperopia, a refractive error that affects your near vision but can make it easy to see things multiple feet away. 


The American Optometric Association (AOA) has found that the majority of glasses’ wearers use corrective eyewear for farsightedness or presbyopia (another common refractive issue). Since farsightedness is so prominent, you might be wondering what causes hyperopia. 


Here’s what our expert optical team has to say.

What causes hyperopia?

All eyes have light refractive capabilities that are dependent on the structure of your eye lens and cornea. What causes hyperopia? This refractive error often exists if your eye is undersized or if your cornea doesn’t bend at the right angles. 


For most eyes, the cornea and lens function in unison to process visuals and point them to the retina. However, in farsighted people, the eye lens puts the visual at the back of the retina vs. on top of it, where it should be.


Your lifestyle and genetics may also be hyperopia risk factors, according to the AOA. Working with an eye doctor is the best way to test your eyes for farsightedness and determine your likelihood of getting it over time. Let your eye doctor know if anyone else in your family has had hyperopia to see how this condition might affect you as well. 

Is there a treatment for hyperopia?

Before you can get a proper hyperopia treatment, you’ll need to have a comprehensive eye exam with a qualified optometrist (or Independent Doctor of Optometry). Don’t worry, as the exam is painless and straightforward. 


Finding signs of farsightedness early on can make it easier to get a remedy, which is why we suggest having a yearly exam. During your eye appointment, the optometrist may ask you questions about your symptoms, such as:


  • Are headaches common for you when using your near vision too much? 
  • Does the text in books, magazines, or your smartphone ever look blurry to you?
  • Do you ever struggle to read or pay close attention to your homework?
  • How often do you experience blurry vision?
  • Is it normal for your eyes to strain when reading text on materials that are close to your face for long periods? 


To correct hyperopia, the eye doctor may send you home with farsighted glasses or contacts that change how the eye absorbs light. This eyewear can clear up your near vision, making it easier to focus on tasks at work, school, and beyond. 


And good news: you might not need to wear your glasses every hour of every day. Stick to the schedule your optometrist gives you, and you’ll be in good hands. 


Summary: What are the risk factors of hyperopia?

Hyperopia is a refractive error that can give you stellar visual acuity at a distance but subpar near vision. What causes hyperopia? In general, farsightedness happens when your eye isn’t the right length or when your cornea has insufficient curving. 


Specific lifestyle choices and a family history of the condition can also make you more likely to get hyperopia over time. If you feel like you might have hyperopia, be on the lookout for these symptoms:


  • Blurry vision when looking at things close to you
  • Headaches if you don’t take enough breaks from your near vision activities 
  • Strained eyes after working on close-up tasks for a long time 


A comprehensive eye exam is essential to diagnose you for hyperopia. And if it turns out you have this eye condition, your optometrist may suggest prescription lenses to help with your symptoms.

Interested in booking an eye appointment with our team? Dial your local For Eyes today.

Was this article helpful?