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From astigmatism, strabismus (crossed eyes), and lazy eye to hyperopia (farsightedness), myopia (nearsightedness), and diabetic retinopathy, there are many conditions that can affect your eyes and their function. Below is a brief explanation of each of these common conditions. If you are concerned you might have one of these, please schedule a comprehensive eye exam and consult one of our eye professionals.

Astigmatism

An astigmatism is an imperfection in the curvature of the eye that can cause blurry or distorted vision. Certain eyeglass or contact lens prescriptions are used to treat this distortion.

Strabismus

Strabismus, commonly called “lazy eye”, is a condition in which both eyes can not look in the same direction at the same time. This can be caused by nerve injury or poor muscle control in the eyes. But with early treatment, strabismus can usually be corrected.

Hyperopia

Hyperopia, commonly know as farsightedness, occurs most often in adults and causes nearby objects to appear blurry. The constant squinting to focus on nearby objects can cause headaches and eye strain. Hyperopia is treated with prescription eyeglasses and contact lenses.

Myopia

Myopia, or nearsightedness, is often hereditary and causes objects that are far away appear blurry. The opposite of hyperopia, squinting to focus on faraway objects can also cause headaches and eye strain. And like hyperopia, myopia is treated with prescription eyeglasses and contact lenses.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy or retinal detachment can occur in people with diabetes. This condition occurs when high blood-sugar levels cause damage to the blood vessels in the back of the eye. It can start with floaters (small detached pieces that interfere with your vision), blurriness, dark areas in your field of vision, or difficulty seeing colors. Left untreated, it can lead to blindness. Treatments include careful diabetes management for mild cases while more severe cases can require surgery. Learn more about diabetic retinopathy.